Rclone的安裝及挂载使用

Rclone 是一款命令行工具,支持在不同对象储存,网盘之间上传,下载以及同步数据.

RClone项目官网
Rclone官网:https://rclone.org
GitHub项目:https://github.com/ncw/rclone

支持多种主流对象储存

Amazon Drive   ([See note][3])
Amazon S3  
Backblaze B2  
Box  
Ceph  
DigitalOcean Spaces  
Dreamhost  
Dropbox  
FTP  
Google Cloud Storage  
Google Drive  
HTTP  
Hubic  
IBM COS S3  
Memset Memstore  
Mega  
Microsoft Azure Blob Storage  
Microsoft OneDrive  
Minio  
Nextcloud  
OVH  
OpenDrive  
Openstack Swift  
Oracle Cloud Storage  
ownCloud  
pCloud  
put.io  
QingStor  
Rackspace Cloud Files  
SFTP  
Wasabi  
WebDAV  
Yandex Disk  
The local filesystem

这裡我们以 Google Drive 为例

安装

系统简介
Debian 9 x86_64
Google Drive

安装 Rclone

apt-get install curl
curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | bash

很简单的就将其安装完毕

配置 Rclone

rclone config

配置方案如下 手动操作的位置会加上注释

No remotes found - make a new one
n) New remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
n/s/q> n      #这裡输入n表示新建一个配置
name> cy      #输入自定义的配置名
Type of storage to configure.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Alias for a existing remote
   \\ \"alias\"
 2 / Amazon Drive
   \\ \"amazon cloud drive\"
 3 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers (AWS, Ceph, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio)
   \\ \"s3\"
 4 / Backblaze B2
   \\ \"b2\"
 5 / Box
   \\ \"box\"
 6 / Cache a remote
   \\ \"cache\"
 7 / Dropbox
   \\ \"dropbox\"
 8 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
   \\ \"crypt\"
 9 / FTP Connection
   \\ \"ftp\"
10 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
   \\ \"google cloud storage\"
11 / Google Drive
   \\ \"drive\"
12 / Hubic
   \\ \"hubic\"
13 / Local Disk
   \\ \"local\"
14 / Mega
   \\ \"mega\"
15 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
   \\ \"azureblob\"
16 / Microsoft OneDrive
   \\ \"onedrive\"
17 / OpenDrive
   \\ \"opendrive\"
18 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
   \\ \"swift\"
19 / Pcloud
   \\ \"pcloud\"
20 / QingCloud Object Storage
   \\ \"qingstor\"
21 / SSH/SFTP Connection
   \\ \"sftp\"
22 / Webdav
   \\ \"webdav\"
23 / Yandex Disk
   \\ \"yandex\"
24 / http Connection
   \\ \"http\"
Storage> 11      #注意:这裡的Google Cloud Storage不是Google Drive
Google Application Client Id - leave blank normally.
client_id>       #为了采用自动配置 接下来几个选项直接Enter
Google Application Client Secret - leave blank normally.
client_secret>       #Enter
Scope that rclone should use when requesting access from drive.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Full access all files, excluding Application Data Folder.
   \\ \"drive\"
 2 / Read-only access to file metadata and file contents.
   \\ \"drive.readonly\"
   / Access to files created by rclone only.
 3 | These are visible in the drive website.
   | File authorization is revoked when the user deauthorizes the app.
   \\ \"drive.file\"
   / Allows read and write access to the Application Data folder.
 4 | This is not visible in the drive website.
   \\ \"drive.appfolder\"
   / Allows read-only access to file metadata but
 5 | does not allow any access to read or download file content.
   \\ \"drive.metadata.readonly\"
scope>       #Enter 
ID of the root folder - leave blank normally.  Fill in to access \"Computers\" folders. (see docs).
root_folder_id>       #Enter 
Service Account Credentials JSON file path  - leave blank normally.
Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.
service_account_file>       #Enter 
Remote config
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine or Y didn\'t work
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n      #输入n表示採用自动配置
If your browser doesn\'t open automatically go to the following link: [Link]      #这裡会出现一长串的网址 将其複製到浏览器上并访问 登陆后即可获得一串[verification code]
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Enter verification code> [verification code]      #这裡输入你获取的[verification code]
Configure this as a team drive?
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n      #选择是否为团队网盘
--------------------
[gd]
type = drive
client_id = 
client_secret = 
scope = 
root_folder_id = 
service_account_file = 
token = {[token]}
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y      #输入y表示确认该配置
Current remotes:

Name                 Type
====                 ====
cy                   drive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q      #输入q退出配置过程

至此已经成功配置完成 Rclone

使用

Rclone 命令的语法格式

Syntax: [options] subcommand <parameters> <parameters...>

常用命令如下表

rclone config - 以控制会话的形式添加rclone的配置,配置保存在.rclone.conf文件中。
rclone copy - 将文件从源复制到目的地址,跳过已复制完成的。
rclone sync - 将源数据同步到目的地址,只更新目的地址的数据。
rclone move - 将源数据移动到目的地址。
rclone delete - 删除指定路径下的文件内容。
rclone purge - 清空指定路径下所有文件数据。
rclone mkdir - 创建一个新目录。
rclone rmdir - 删除空目录。
rclone check - 检查源和目的地址数据是否匹配。
rclone ls - 列出指定路径下所有的文件以及文件大小和路径。
rclone lsd - 列出指定路径下所有的目录/容器/桶。
rclone lsl - 列出指定路径下所有文件以及修改时间,文件大小和路径。
rclone md5sum - 为指定路径下的所有文件产生一个md5sum文件。
rclone sha1sum - 为指定路径下的所有文件产生一个sha1sum文件。
rclone size - 获取指定路径下,文件内容的总大小。 .
rclone version - 查看当前版本。
rclone cleanup - 清空remote。
rclone dedupe - 交互式查找重复文件,进行删除/重命名操作。

挂载到本地
创建一个挂载点

mkdir [path]      #[path]表示挂载点路径 可自定义

接著将 Drive 挂载到 [path]

rclone mount [name]:/ [path] --allow-other --allow-non-empty --vfs-cache-mode writes
#[name]表示Drive的配置名 [path]表示挂载点路径 可自定义 但必须存在该路径

输入完这条指令后就没什么动静了 等几分钟后我们手动断开和服务器的连接 再重新用 SSH 登录就可以了

至此 我们已经成功挂载了 Google Drive

查看是否成功挂载

df -h

看到返回的值里面出现了

Filesystem     Type         Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev           devtmpfs     463M     0  463M   0% /dev
tmpfs          tmpfs         99M  652K   98M   1% /run
/dev/vda1      ext4          25G  5.2G   19G  22% /
tmpfs          tmpfs        493M     0  493M   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs          tmpfs        5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
tmpfs          tmpfs        493M     0  493M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs          tmpfs         99M     0   99M   0% /run/user/0
[name]:        fuse.rclone   50G   10G   50G  20% [path]      #Rclone挂载点

如果挂载报错如下内容:

Fatal error: failed to mount FUSE fs: fusermount: exec: "fusermount": executable file not found in $PATH

执行如下命令重新挂载即可

apt-get install fuse
Last modification:May 9th, 2020 at 01:06 am
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